What does Journalism as a career mean to a student?
Looking for a career in Journalism?
Are you dreaming of working as a reporter, editor or writer for magazines, newspapers and other media? In a Journalism program, students learn to gather, process and deliver all kinds of information and news, from celebrity gossip to the hard-hitting issues of the day. A diploma in Journalism might prepare you for a career as a news correspondent, columnist or freelance writer. Read more here!
What is a Diploma in Journalism?
Journalists strive to make all news, from politics and sports to fashion or medicine, available to the public. In a Journalism degree program, you'll learn research methods, interviewing techniques, different writing styles, ethics and the history of journalism, all to prepare you for a challenging and rewarding career as a journalist or related worker. Most aspiring journalists can find employment with only a bachelor's degree, but many institutions of higher learning offer master's or even Ph.D. degrees. With the research, fact-checking and writing skills you'll learn in a Journalism degree program, you might be ready to work as a news correspondent, a columnist or a freelance writer.
Correspondents for written media gather news through a variety of means, from interviews to library research, for reporting while stationed in different U.S. or foreign cities. These workers typically have extensive reporting experience behind them, and are only promoted to the title of correspondent after proving their abilities and reliability in obtaining the best sources and the most accurate information. Correspondents typically are employed by large metropolitan newspapers and news magazines and might be stationed in such places as Paris, Tokyo or the Middle East. This profession may see slower growth than many others in the coming years, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS),www.bls.gov, as newspapers and other printed media lose readers to the Internet. The median annual salary for reporters of all kinds was $31,320 in 2004.
Newspaper and magazine writers who write regular columns in which they comment on or interpret news are called columnists. These writers might have a certain focus in their columns, such as national or local politics, travel or humor, and often develop dedicated readerships from which they may receive feedback, letters and ideas for columns. Like correspondents, columnists will probably see slower job growth than most other professionals through 2014, mostly due to the instability of the newspaper industry (BLS). Most workers in this field made between $22,000 and $48,000 in 2004.
Graduates of Journalism degree programs can use their writing, research and storytelling capabilities to work for different newspapers, magazines, journals and even web sites as freelance writers. Freelance writers typically either are contacted for an assignment or choose to pursue a particular story, which they then must market to potential publishers. Freelance writers enjoy a great deal of professional freedom, but often must spend as much or more time searching for buyers for their work as they do writing. Freelancers also need to have a high tolerance for financial instability if they decide to pursue the occupation full-time, or be prepared to hold down other employment in order to finance their writing. Writers of all kinds experience strong competition for jobs, according to the BLS, because many people are attracted to the business. The median salary for writers in book, periodical and newspaper publishing was $37,010 in 2004.
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What is Photojournalism?
Photojournalism is the use of photography in order to tell a journalistic story. Undergraduate programs in photojournalism, most often in direct conjunction with the journalism department, are available at many U.S. colleges.
How to Select a Photojournalism School?
Students looking to pursue an undergraduate degree in photojournalism may want to consider the workshop opportunities offered by prospective colleges. Some schools offer intensive, week-long workshop programs directly through the university while others simply recommend nationally recognized programs. Similarly, some schools offer highly competitive photojournalism programs that students must apply to and be accepted by. Other schools offer less competitive, less demanding programs.
All public and private institutions offering degree programs in photojournalism teach the fundamentals of the trade and allow students access to the basic necessities of photography, such as computer labs and dark rooms. However, some schools place more emphasis than others on more specific areas of knowledge, such as distinct cameras and lenses, black and white photography, Photoshop and Apple color management. Some schools may place less intensive focus on the worlds of photography and journalism in order to spend more time on the fields of advertising and public relations.
While internships are not directly controlled or assigned by the university, they may become a factor when choosing a photojournalism school. Students may want to investigate the kinds of ties and connections prospective university professors have with local businesses and newspapers that offer internships of interest. It is generally recommended that students do not wait until graduation to pursue internships, so the student's university will have at least some effect in that area.
Students may also want to consider location when selecting schools. As a photojournalism student taking hundreds of pictures for assignments and projects, the surroundings and settings of the university may become just as important as the schools itself. Schools in major cities like New York or Boston will offer different visual opportunities than schools in Missouri or Indiana.
Bachelor's Degree in Photojournalism
Undergraduate courses in photojournalism are typically designed for students with no camera experience and start at the very basics of the field. Classes include basic photography, news writing and reporting, photojournalism, photo editing and digital fundamentals. As classes progress, students will learn how to effectively communicate newsworthy stories through the visual medium of photography. Upon completion of a bachelor's degree program in photojournalism, students will leave with complete, advised portfolios of work.
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